Interesting Animal Facts About Axolotls

Interesting Animal Facts About Axolotls

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Last Updated on April 9, 2022 by

Axolotls have been around on this earth for millions of years and are still alive to this day! Many people choose to keep these friendly-faced creatures as their own exotic pet, but they are also found living native in the wild!

In this article we are going to discuss many interesting facts about the amazing axolotl!

History Of The Axolotl

The history of the axolotl is very long and goes back thousands of years. It was first discovered by a Spanish priest named Fray Toribio de Benavente Motolinia who lived during the 16th century.

He wrote an account of his discovery, and it became known as the “Book of Tears” because he described how the axolotl had tears that would flow from its eyes when it was hurt or scared.

Axolotls are a species of salamander, which is also known as the Mexican axolotl or Mexican salamander. They have been around for about 100 million years and can be found in Mexico, Central America, South America, and even parts of North America.

The axolotl species are amphibians and belong to the family Salamandridae. This means that they are related to frogs and newts. There are over 200 different species of axolotls. These animals live mostly in freshwater habitats, but some of them live in saltwater too.

There are two types of axolotls: the common axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) and the tiger axolotl (A. tigrinum). Both of these species look similar, but there are slight differences between them.

The common axolotl has yellowish brown skin with black stripes running down its body. Its tail ends in a small tuft of hair. The tiger axolotl looks more like a tiger than an axolotl.

It has reddish brown skin with dark spots all over its body. Its tail is much longer than the other type of axolotl.

Axolotl Interesting Facts

Axolotl Interesting Facts

Axolotls Are Native To Mexico And Central America

Axolotls were originally found in the lakes of central Mexico and Central America. They live near water and can be found in all types of bodies of water including rivers, ponds, streams, lakes, swamps, etc. They can even be found in some underground caves where there is no light at all.

Today, you will find axolotls in almost every country in the world. They are found in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.

The axolotl has two different forms: The adult form and the larval form. In the adult form, it looks like a salamander with a long tail.

It lives on land and can be found in ponds or streams. In the larval form, it is very similar to an eel. This animal is also known as the Mexican walking fish because of its ability to walk on land.

Appearance: Smiley Faces

Axolotls are well known for their iconic ‘smiling’ faces – it is what makes them look so friendly and adorable! But what other interesting facts are there to know about the way that these creatures look?

The axolotl is one of the most fascinating creatures on earth because it has many unique characteristics that make it so special. It is an amphibian and its body consists of two parts: head and tail. The head contains eyes, ears, nostrils, mouth, and a nose hole.

The tail is usually longer than the head and is used to help them move through water, even parts of North America.

The axolotl’s skin is very thin and smooth, and it has no scales. Its skin color ranges from yellowish to brownish with black spots. Their skin is covered with tiny pores called papillae that allow them to breathe easily when submerged in water.

An axolotl’s body is oval shaped, and it can grow up to 5 inches long. They weigh between 0.3 ounces and 1 ounce. They have four toes on each foot and five fingers on each hand.

They Can Breathe Underwater?

Axolotls have gills but also use their lungs to breathe. Their skin contains microscopic hairs which allow them to absorb oxygen through their skin when they’re submerged.

The axolotl is a popular pet because of their ability to live outside of water for long periods of time. However, they cannot be kept in aquariums or ponds.

Axolotls don’t have teeth, but instead use their tongue to eat small food items such as insects and worms. 

Fish Or Frog?

Although they look similar to frogs, axolotls are actually more closely related to salamanders. Salamanders are reptiles and axolotls are amphibians. 

There are several types of axolotls including the common axolotl, the spotted axolotl, and the tiger axolotl. These three varieties differ greatly in appearance and behavior.

For example, the common axolotl is larger than the other two varieties, and it does not change colors like the others do.

They Can Grow Back Their Limbs?

Amazingly, axolotls have a unique ability to regenerate their limbs, which is why they are often used as an example of how animals can heal themselves.

They are able to do this because they have two different types of skin cells: epidermal cells and dermal fibroblasts. These cells work together to create new tissue when needed. 

Because of this ability, scientists are studying them to learn more about how we might one day be able to grow human organs outside our bodies.

The axolotl has been used for research purposes since the early 1900s. Scientists have studied how this animal grows and develops. They are able to do this by studying the growth patterns of their cells. 

Quick And Fun Facts About Axolotls

  • Axolotls live for about 5 years in their adult stage. During this time, they grow from 1 inch to 3 inches in length. 
  • Axolotls can regenerate limbs after being cut off. When they are injured, they will start to heal themselves within 24 hours.
  • Axolotls eat worms and insects. Their diet consists mostly of earthworms, crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, and other small animals.
  • Axolotls lay eggs during springtime. Each egg contains 2-5 larvae.
  • Axolotls were first discovered in Mexico. Today, there are only three species left.
  • Axolotls do not have any bones. Instead, they have cartilage. This means that they can regenerate their limbs! 
  • Axolotls cannot hear sounds above 20 Hz. This is roughly the sound of a hummingbird.
  • Axolotls’ can see at least 10 feet away! This is so that they can spot prey.
  • Axolotls don’t need to breathe air. They can survive underwater for up to 30 minutes.
  • Axolotls reproduce by laying eggs. These eggs hatch into larvae. After hatching, these larvae swim through the water until they reach adulthood.
  • Axolotls mate during the spring. Males release sperm into the water where females wait. Once the male releases his sperm, he dies.
  • Axolotls are considered amphibians even though they’re more closely related to reptiles than frogs.

Endangerment Of The Species

Axolotls are considered endangered because of habitat destruction. Habitat destruction includes things such as pollution and urbanization. There is also illegal hunting.

Habitat Destruction

Habitat destruction occurs when people destroy natural areas so that they can build homes, roads, etc. Humans need places where they can live, but destroying natural habitats is not necessary.

Illegal Hunting

Illegal hunting refers to killing animals without permission. People kill animals illegally because they want to sell the meat or skins.


Pollution refers to anything that causes damage to the environment. Some examples of pollution include oil spills, chemical waste, and garbage.

An example of this regarding axolotl habitat destruction is when people dump chemicals in waterways. This then leads to polluted waters in which the animal cannot survive.


Urbanization means building cities near bodies of water. Cities close to bodies of water cause problems for aquatic life. Aquatic creatures can’t get out of the water easily.

Also, city lights shine down onto the surface of the water, which makes it harder for fish to find food.

Final Thoughts

These animals are very interesting to study and learn about, as they have many unique characteristics that make them a great subject for scientific research.

They are also extremely rare and endangered species, so it is important to protect their habitats and not harm or kill them.

Axolotls are also an amazing animal because they can regenerate limbs after being cut off. This makes them one of the most fascinating creatures on Earth and there is so much to learn about them.

Axolotls are stunning creatures that have been around since prehistoric times. Although they are in danger of becoming extinct, scientists are trying to find ways to save this rare creature from extinction.

Scientists believe that axolotl populations will be able to survive if they are protected from predators and other threats. The best way to do this is by creating more habitat for them.

Hopefully this article has been an insightful read, and you have learned more about these friendly-faced creatures! There is so much to know about these little animals, and we hope you enjoyed learning with us today!

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